Maurice Duruflé, Marie-Madeleine Duruflé-Chevalier, Hélène Bouvier, Xavier Depraz, Chorale Philippe Caillard, Orchestre A Cordes De l'Association Des Concerts Lamoureux - Requiem ‎ (LP) Argo Record Company Limited 9: I. Introit," "Requiem, Op. In France, of course, this meant the Catholic Church. He was born in Louviers, NW France, Rue de Quai no. Libera eas de ore leonis, 9). Te decet hymnus, Deus in Sion, et tibi reddetur votum in Jerusalem; exaudi orationem meam, ad te omnis caro veniet. Choir MIDI learning files for works by Maurice Durufle ... Choral Midi Links . Although Vierne hoped that Duruflé would succeed him at Notre Dame, the younger composer was appointed organist at St Etienne-du-Mont in 1930 and held that position until his death. It sounds better with a good organ than with an orchestra, with boys instead of females and with soloists rather than unison voice parts. In 1912, Duruflé became chorister at the Rouen Cathedral Choir School, where he studied piano and organ with Jules Haelling. 9, für Gesang und Klavier (1947) Johann Sebastian Bach: Zwei Choräle aus den Kantaten BWV 22 und 147, bearbeitet für Orgel solo von Maurice Duruflé (1952) Louis Vierne: Trois Improvisations für Orgel (Notre-Dame-de-Paris, November 1928), transkribiert von Maurice Duruflé (1954): Sa durée d'exécution est d'environ trois quarts d'heure. Libera me, Domine, de morte æterna, Biografia. By this means he created a vocal composition of suggestive character – archaic, transcendent, consolatory. et lux perpetua luceat eis. モーリス・デュリュフレ(Maurice Duruflé, 1902年 1月11日 - 1986年 6月16日)は、フランスの作曲家・オルガン奏者。 ルーヴィエール出身でパリに没した。長寿ではあったが、出版作品は最も有名な《レクイエム》を含めて全部で14曲しかない。 This book had been published by the monks of Solesmes in 1896 and was known in France as the Paroissien romain, the “Roman Parish Book.”  The Solesmes monks had been busy publishing modern versions of medieval chant books such as the Graduale, Antiphonale, and so on. The Requiem draws heavily on plainchant, as do the motets and other Duruflé works. His best-known organ works are his Prélude, adagio et choral varié sur le “Veni Creator” (op. This is my favorite recording of Maurice Durufle's Requiem mass. The Liber usualis (“book fit for use”; the “ordinary book”), though, does not have a specific medieval counterpart, but is rather a modern compilation of both texts and plainchant for the most common feasts of the liturgical year, intended for use in secular churches. He briefly took over from Marcel Dupré as Professor of Organ at the Paris Conservatoire in 1942, and was Professor of Harmony there from 1943 to 1970 (Marie-Claire Alain was one of his pupils). The French Revolution of 1789, and the execution of Louis XVI in 1793, brought an abrupt halt to a monarchy that could be traced back to Charlemagne in the eighth century. Presque tout le matériau thématique de l'œuvre provient du chant grégorien. The Requiem, from 1947, began as a series of organ works based on chant, a genre common enough for organists at the time. Severely self-critical, Duruflé composed very little. calamitatis et miseriæ, //-->, Born: 11 January 1902, in Louviers Das Werk entstand ab 1941 als Auftragsarbeit für das französische Vichy-Regime . FAQs Requiem: The Sale of MP3 Audio Files. Napoleon wanted power in one institution only. I’ve sung the Duruflé once before, in a special Memoral Day service at the end of my junior year in college (organ accompaniment, no orchestra). Duruflé also served as Haelling’s substitute, an early recognition of his ability. But to understand what chant meant to Duruflé and his contemporaries, we need a short detour through French history. var contact = "please email her" Maurice Duruflé ‎– Requiem De Duruflé (Pour Soli, Chœurs, Orchestre & Orgue) Label: Erato ‎– STU 70010, Erato ‎– LDE 3098 quam olim Abrahæ promisisti, et semini ejus. The Requiem was first published in 1948 by Durand in an organ version. quarum hodie memoriam facimus; Then, when Duruflé’s publisher, the famous French firm of Durand, commissioned a choral work, the composer used the organ works as the foundation for the mass (which includes a part for organ even in its orchestral version). et lux perpetua luceat eis. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Kyrie," "Requiem, Op. A brilliant recitalist, he toured internationally and premiered important works such as Poulenc’s Organ Concerto. dona eis requiem sempiternam. ne cadant in obscurum. As it happened, my junior year was a miserable year in most ways, so I can look back in retrospect and see that the Duruflé was a Requiem as well for that unhappy time. Le compositeur ne l'acheva pourtant qu'en 1947, donc après la fin de la guerre et du régime. Although Duruflé denied it, his Requiem certainly seems as if it were modeled on Fauré’s famous counterpart. Il offrit alors l'œuvre à l'éditeur de musique Auguste Durand. He also studied with Louis Vierne (1870–1937), who held the most prestigious organ post in Paris, that of Notre Dame cathedral. Le Requiem, opus 9, de Maurice Duruflé est une messe des morts, composée à l'occasion d'une commande du régime de Vichy datant de l'an de grâce 1941. Hostias et preces tibi, Domine, laudis offerimus. I’d never heard of the composer and I certainly didn’t know that magic sound world of plainchant and modality; entering into it was a gift and a lifeline. At Rouen, Duruflé was heard by composer and musicologist Maurice Emmanuel (1862–1938), leading to a trip to Paris to meet Charles Tournemaire (1870–1939), influential organist at Ste Clotilde and a composer as well. Duruflé’s Requiem is suffused with its plainchant models, all drawn from the Liber usualis. That was followed in April by Schubert’s Mass in G as part of the dedication ceremony of the new organ in Eisenhower Chapel. Between the ages of 10 and 16 he was a student at the choir school of Rouen Cathedral. Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi, The gentle melancholy and beauty of the work fit so well with the beauty of delayed spring chafing against the farewells to friends and classmates that are so soon to follow. in tuo adventu suscipiant te martyres, et perducant te in civitatem sanctam Jerusalem. Il Requiem, Op. Strangely, our wordless accompaniment for the soprano line here, and for that matter our “ah” singing in the Introit, always remind me of the “Lullaby” in Vaughan Williams’s Hodie. cum sanctis tuis in æternum, quia pius es. Duruflé has … dies magna et amara valde. Exaudi orationem meam, Sed signifer sanctus Michael But the monarchy was not the only target of the Revolution: aristocrats were fair game, as was anyone connected with the church. L'œuvre comporte neuf mouvements sans inclure toutefois le texte du Dies iræ, pourtant une partie des plus connues de la messe de requiem. Maurice Duruflé (11/01/1902 - 16/06/1986), a French organist and composer. 9, for voices and piano (1947) Charles Tournemire Five improvisations for organ (Ste Clotilde, Paris, 1930/1931), transcribed 1956–58: Zijn bekendste werk is het requiem (opus 9) uit 1947. 14.Maurice Duruflé - Requiem / Bernardas Vasiliauskas, Boys Chorus "Azuoliukas" Of The Lithuanian Republic Teachers' House, Lithuanian Philharmonic Symphony Orchestra, Juozas Domarkas 15.Duruflé - Requiem / Felicity Palmer, John Shirley-Quirk, Westminster Cathedral Choir, The London Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Chorus, Richard Hickox Died: 16 June 1986, in Louveciennes. 9 … Sanctus Dominus Deus Sabaoth. But unquestionably he is most famous for his masterpiece, the Requiem (Op. The disastrous defeat of France in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–1871 led to the Third Republic, which lasted until the Nazi occupation of France. var s = "?Subject=Contacting%20The%20Choral%20Singer’s%20Companion" eClassical.com is a completely virtual record label and a secure online store open 7 days a week, 365 days a year. Thanks to Napoleon, for example, even today a church marriage is not valid in France (or Belgium, for that matter); only a civic marriage is legal. Hosanna in excelsis. Lorsqu'il reçut la commande, Duruflé travaillait sur une suite pour orgue utilisant des thèmes du chant grégorien. Duruflé, of course, writing seventy years after Fauré, uses chant throughout. The actual chant, though likewise syllabic with repeated notes, has at least some melodic interest through rising and falling pitches. Le Requiem, opus 9, de Maurice Duruflé est une messe des morts, composée à l'occasion d'une commande du régime de Vichy datant de l'an de grâce 1941. Duruflé déclara qu'il préférait lui-même que les parties solistes soient chantées par un pupitre entier du chœur et l'œuvre est souvent exécutée ainsi. The First Republic brought on by the Revolution was followed by Napoleon and the First Empire, where the church fared only somewhat better. 9 - Chorus Part sheet music. Dum veneris judicare sæculum per ignem. We and our partners use cookies to personalize your experience, to show you ads based on your interests, and for measurement and analytics purposes. Shop and Buy Requiem, Op. de pœnis inferni, et de profundo lacu. et tibi reddetur votum in Jerusalem. Enfant, il fréquente la maîtrise Saint-Evode de la cathédrale de Rouen en 1912 pour y étudier le chant choral, le piano et l'orgue (Jules Haelling). The restoration movement was controversial and it was not until the early 20th century that the Vatican gave its imprimatur to the work of Solesmes. During the restoration of the monarchy, one of the monasteries revived was that of the Benedictine community of Solesmes (pronounced so-LEM). Christe eleison. Compared with other great composers of his day — Bernstein, Stravinsky, Shostakovich, Britten — he seems strangely out of touch with his times, both in his music and his personality. 9, per voce e pianoforte (1947) Johann Sebastian Bach : Due corali dalle cantate BWV 22 e 147 , arrangiamento per organo solista di Maurice Duruflé (1952) Louis Vierne : Trois improvisations per organo (Notre-Dame-de-Paris, novembre 1928), trascritte da Maurice Duruflé (1954): La nouvelle de sa mort a tout de suite fait résonner en moi les plus beaux passages de son admirable et émouvant Requiem, pur chef dœuvre plein de consolation et de limpidité. 10 are also well-known, especially the lovely Ubi caritas (though Tota pulchra es, Tu es Petrus, and Tantum ergo are very nice as well). For permission to use, In 1927 Duruflé became his deputy there. The expression is used to differentiate churches for “normal” people from monastic churches, which are for those who have taken monastic vows. This book had been published by the monks of Solesmes in 1896 and was known in France as the Paroissien romain, the “Roman Parish Book.” Duruflé sometimes makes melodic lines sound even more chant-like. La voix de baryton chante le troisième mouvement Domine Jesu Christe, et le huitième Libera me. In March we had sung the Beethoven Ninth with the Pittsburgh Symphony, first in Heinz Hall in Pittsburgh and then in Carnegie Hall. I. By the time Duruflé was in choir school and learning to play the organ, then, his teachers were well-versed in “new” (old) plainchant and the modal foundations of these melodies. æternam habeas requiem. Hosanna in excelsis. Also evocative of chant is the free-flowing rhythm throughout (chant was likely performed in equal note values for much of the Middle Ages), captured by constant metrical shifts; see the “Lux aeterna” here. var n = "info" var h = "thechoralsingerscompanion.com" Duruflé’s Requiem is suffused with its plainchant models, all drawn from the Liber usualis. 9 von Maurice Duruflé ist eine Vertonung der lateinischen Totenmesse für Mezzosopran- und Bariton-Soli, gemischten Chor, Orchester und Orgel. Maurice Duruflé (11 January, 1902 in Louviers – 16 June, 1986 in Paris) was a French composer, organist and pedagogue. A little later the same month we did Bach Cantata 4 and other pieces for the Penn State Singers’ spring concert, and then came a performance in May, again with the Pittsburgh Symphony, of the Brahms Requiem. La première de la version pour grand orchestre a été faite à Paris, salle Gaveau, le 2 novembre 1947 avec l'Orchestre National de France sous la direction de Roger Désormière, avec comme solistes, Hélène Bouvier et Camille Maurane. La partition est dédiée à la mémoire de son père. Es su obra más famosa. The abbot, Dom Prosper Guéranger, wanted to revive more than just the monastery, though. Il existe en trois orchestrations : la première, chronologiquement, étant écrite pour grand orchestre, la seconde pour orgue, suivant de peu la précédente, et la troisième, finalisée en 1961 pour un orchestre d'effectif plus réduit. 4) and his Prélude et fugue sur le nom d’Alain, Op. Secular church—doesn’t that sound like a contradiction in terms? Chorus Angelorum te suscipiat, Das Requiem op. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem op. Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, op. Composition majeure et emblématique de ce compositeur, l'œuvre est pour chœur mixte avec des solistes mezzo-soprano et baryton. Preview, buy, and download songs from the album Maurice Duruflé: Requiem, Op. Pour des raisons obscures… I realize Durufle intended the solo parts to be sung in unison by the various voice parts in the choir, but composers don't always know what's best for their own music. et lux perpetua luceat eis. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 5 janvier 2021 à 18:26. 9: II. dona eis requiem sempiternam. Both eschew the “Dies irae”; both include a “Pie Jesu” (for soloist), “Libera me,” and “In paradisum”; both use a baritone soloist for the “Offertory” and “Libera me.”  Fauré uses a soprano for his “Pie Jesu” while Duruflé calls for a mezzo, and Duruflé inserts a “Lux aeterna”; otherwise the two are extremely similar in layout. … Customers and visitors can download classical music in high quality FLAC or MP3 and find out more about classical music. “In paradisum” is also not part of the mass, but is sung either as part of the Absolution or as the processional to the gravesite. Associate Conductor Jenny Wong leads a performance of Maurice Duruflé’s beloved Requiem, the composer’s evocation of the essence of Gregorian style. Kyrie eleison. So whenever I think of this piece, I think of spring—the same kind of late gloomy spring that we have in Rochester, with the sadness that the end of the school year always brings for me. Requiem æternam, dona eis Domine, in die illa tremenda, quando cœli movendi sunt et terra, Em 1953 ele casou-se com Marie-Madeleine (após seu casamento com Lucette Bousquet ter terminado em 1947). Duruflé: Requiem, Four Motets, Messe Cum Jubilo, an album by Maurice Duruflé, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Choir of King's College, Cambridge, Stephen Cleobury on Spotify. This piece was a particular favorite of previous Master Chorale Music Directors, Roger Wagner and Paul Salamunovich, both contemporaries of … And this is the foundation for Duruflé’s style as well. Buy Duruflé: Requiem by Thomas Allen, Corydon Singers, Ann Murray, Maurice Duruflé, Matthew Best, English Chamber Orchestra from Amazon's Classical Music Store. Requiem Maurice Duruflé : I. Introit Requiem aeternam dona eis, Domine, et lux perpetua luceat eis. dum veneris judicare sæculum per ignem. Jonathan Bond, Andrew Bunt, Robert King, sopranistes, Benjamin Luxon, Christopher Keyte, baryton-basse, Stephen Cleobury, orgue, Academy of St Martin-in-the-Field, Choir of St John's College Cambridge. dum discussio venerit, atque ventura ira. The Schola Cantorum, for example, was founded in 1894 specifically to support musical reform in the liturgy in the guise of chant and Palestrina-style polyphony; specialized chant journals appeared, and so on. Thus, the nineteenth century saw France swing back and forth between conservative and progressive governments, with the significance of the church waxing and waning accordingly. Although he was born in 1902 and died in 1986, Maurice Duruflé is not a typical 20th-century musician. Rebuild our MP3 Catalog in the Coming … ad te omnis caro veniet. At rehearsal 78 and 80, for example, we sing the Communion verse exclusively in syllabic text-setting on repeated notes. At age 17, he moved to Paris. It is certainly one of the choral masterpieces of the twentieth century. document.write("" + contact + "" + ".") © 2003-2021 by Honey Meconi. Gabriel Fauré, Maurice Duruflé, Robert Shaw, Atlanta Symphony Orchestra & Chorus, Judith Blegen, James Morris - Faure: Requiem, Op. 9, is a setting of the Latin Requiem by Maurice Duruflé for a solo voice, mixed choir, and organ, or orchestra with organ. et lux perpetua luceat eis. Requiem æternam dona eis Domine, libera animas omnium fidelium defunctorum Well, look at that! 9, de Maurice Duruflé, fue publicado en 1947 por el editor de música francés Auguste Durand. Puesto en … Pie Jesu Domine, Duruflé brought the church's unique language of plainsong into a compelling liaison with the secular harmonies of the modern French school (as typified by Debussy, Ravel, and Dukas) in works for his own instrument and in his widely loved masterpiece, the Requiem Op. Maurice Duruflé (1902 -1986) écrit son Requiem en 1947, à la demande de l'éditeur Auguste Durand. The text for the “Pie Jesu” is from the conclusion of the sequence “Dies irae,” but when set separately it serves as an elevation motet. Duruflé, though, has made our line even more “chant-like” than the original. ne absorbeat eas tartarus, Patricia Bardon, mezzo-soprano, Ashley Riches, baryton-basse, Tom Etheridge & Richard Gowers, orgue, The Choir of King's College, Cambridge, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Jennifer Larmore, mezzo-soprano, Thomas Hampson, baryton-basse, Amborsian Singers, Philarmonia Orchestra, Michel legrand, conductor - CD Teldec 1994 report Warner classic (2008). La version pour orgue (1948) comporte 41 enregistrements, la version avec orchestre réduit (1961) comporte 8 enregistrements, la version avec grand orchestre et orgue (1950) comporte 17 enregistrements, en voici quelques uns : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. This emphasis on the melodic line is sometimes underscored by sustained instrumental accompaniment (when the baritone solo enters after rehearsal 40, for example). Zijn oeuvre bestaat uit werken voor orgel, koor, orkest en uit kamermuziek. To cite just one straightforward example, the plainchant Introit for the Requiem mass (“Requiem aeternam”) begins with the pitches F F G (Re-) F (qui-) F (em) F G A (Ae-) A G G F G (ter-) G F (nam). Duruflé, who studied with Louis Vierne and Paul Dukas, was inspired in his requiem by the Gregorian melodies of the Catholic liturgy, which he in some cases quotes in the original and drapes in very subtle sounds. Choral, Organ, Piano sheet music book by Maurice Durufle (1902-1986) and Maurice Durufle (1902-1986): Editions Durand at … Dies illa, dies iræ, Duruflé was an organist as well as a composer, and his biography and his music are bound up with that identity, an especially important one given the significance of organists in French sacred music of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. After Napoleon a limited monarchy was restored; this ended with the advent of the Second Republic in 1848 (a year of revolution across much of Europe), followed four years later by the Second Empire. Te decet hymnus Deus in Sion, Pleni sunt cœli et terra gloria tua. In Paradisum deducant te Angeli, 9, è un adattamento del Requiem Latino di Maurice Duruflé per voce solista, coro misto e organo o orchestra con organo. The four motets of Op. Duruflé inclut des pièces de cette œuvre dans le Requiem, qui reprend de nombreux thèmes de la messe grégorienne pour les morts. 59. Kyrie eleison. 9, including "Requiem, Op. The thematic material is mostly taken from the Mass for the Dead in Gregorian chant. À la place, Duruflé a choisi les textes plus calmes et plus méditatifs du requiem. fac eas, Domine, de morte transire ad vitam, La voix de mezzo-soprano chante le cinquième mouvement, Pie Jesu. As a church organist, after all, Duruflé would have performed at many, many Requiem masses, and pieces drawing on the plainchant for these masses would have been very useful. Le texte latin de chacun des neuf mouvements est le suivant : Requiem æternam dona eis Domine, In 1920 Duruflé became deputy to Tournemaire at Ste Clotilde and entered the Paris Conservatoire, eventually winning the premier prix in five classes, including organ (where he studied with Eugène Gigout) and composition (where Paul Dukas [1865–1935], of Sorcerer’s Apprentice fame, was his teacher). Here he studied with organist Jules Haelling, who had been a pupil of Alexandre Guilmant (1837–1911), professor of organ at the Paris Conservatoire and co-founder (with Vincent d’Indy and Charles Bordes) of the Schola Cantorum. 48 / Durufle: Requiem, Op. Has been Temporarily Discontinued. L'ouvre est donnée en création française le 2 novembre 1947 par Roger Desormière, l'Orchestre National de France, Hélène Bouvier et Camille Maurane.