The proposal then passes to the whole Parliament, which votes on it (and further amendments) in plenary session. The EU’s single market offers consumers access to greater choice, flexibility, quality and value for money. Financial institutions and markets play a vital role in the stability and growth of the EU economy. MEPs organise themselves into political groups, and also into committees that examine proposals for new legislation in different policy areas. This is why the EU works actively to improve road safety. Economic and monetary union unites and integrates EU economies through coordinated economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy and a common currency, the euro. The committees examine proposals for legislation, and MEPs and political groups can put forward amendments or propose to reject proposed legislation. The Commission fined the six companies a total of €3.8 billion. The social inclusion of young people is vital for European society and democratic life. The EU also ensures animal health and welfare in the agri-food chain. Natura 2000 is a network of protected natural areas across the EU, where sustainable human activities can coexist with rare and vulnerable species and habitats. It also supports jobs and growth in rural areas. One example is the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed that helps ensure that food that does not comply with European rules is removed from the shelves. The global strategy set the following five priorities for EU action: The EU supports countries facing conflict and crisis. The ‘blue’ economy generates gross value added (the contribution to the economy) of billions of euro every year. It is the leading donor in the international response to the Syria crisis, with over €11 billion provided to support the Syrian people, and it continues to support international efforts to bring peace to the Middle East by supporting a two-state solution with a Palestinian state living side by side with Israel. It is not one of the EU's legislating institutions, so does not negotiate or adopt EU laws. In terms of decision-making, the Parliament is responsible for the following. Industrial policy contributes to competitiveness by establishing appropriate framework conditions (such as smart legislation and skills development). The single market is one of the EU’s greatest achievements. However, in doing so they must respect certain fundamental principles, such as non-discrimination and respect for free movement of goods and services in the single market. The first steps were to foster economic cooperation: the idea being that countries that trade with one another become economically interdependent and so more likely to avoid conflict. The EU is not simply a single market for goods and services. The EU physical activity guidelines (2008) and the Council recommendation on promoting health-enhancing physical activity across sectors (2013) show how national policies can encourage activity. These plenary sessions are normally held in Strasbourg, with any additional sessions held in Brussels. More action is needed to ensure that air, oceans and other water resources are kept clean, that land and ecosystems are used sustainably and that climate change is kept to manageable levels. The EU focuses on sport as a means to keep people healthy, create communities, nurture social inclusion and promote equal opportunities. The current candidate countries are: Albania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey. Since 2016 new EU rules on mortgage credits have ensured clear information in advertisements and timely information to consumers before signing a contract. It also involves citizens and stakeholders at every stage of the policy cycle, from planning to proposal to implementation to review and subsequent revision. And it has become much easier to live, work and travel abroad in Europe. Plant health rules protect crops, fruit, vegetables and forests from harmful pests and disease from being transported across the EU or imported from abroad. The EU and Member States cooperate to tackle terrorism and violent radicalisation, serious and organised crime and cybercrime. Through the single market, lorries can provide services in countries other than their country of registration, reducing the number of empty return journeys. The EU runs several programmes and initiatives to help young people in Europe to play a more active role in society and benefit from experiencing another country. Every EU citizen has the right to submit a petition to the European Parliament in one of the official languages of the EU, in the form of a complaint or a request, on an issue that falls within the European Union’s fields of activity. A lot of what the EU does is about bringing people in Europe closer together. Some 94% of the budget is spent in the Member States, mainly on fostering jobs and growth in Europe, as well as outside the EU on development and humanitarian assistance, while only 6% is spent on EU administration. It is also known as the Council of the European Union. A minimum number of signatories is required in each of those seven Member States. This includes living in an environment where nothing is wasted, natural resources are managed sustainably and biodiversity is protected, valued and restored. Turkey is a key partner of the EU in essential areas such as migration, counterterrorism, energy, transport, the economy and trade. For 40 years, the institutions of Europe have grown around the Commission, which plays a leading role in policy making and in administration. However, in the face of increasing competition, the EU needs to get better at turning excellent research and innovative ideas into successful products and technologies. David Conn. In order to reach these goals and address the diverse development needs of all EU regions, €259.7 billion, a quarter of the total EU budget, is available for regional policy in 2014-2020. Small and medium-sized enterprises represent 99% of all businesses in the EU, providing two thirds of total private-sector employment. The customs services also prevent illegal exports of waste, since protecting the environment is one of their key tasks. More than one million small and medium-sized companies are set to benefit from improved access to finance and the plan has helped to boost EU gross domestic product by 0.9%. A European Citizens’ Initiative, as this is called, has to be backed by at least 1 million EU citizens, coming from at least seven Member States. Each programme is drawn up through a collective process involving stakeholders at the European, national, regional and local levels, social partners and civil society. A single currency is practical for citizens and good for business, and represents a major achievement of European integration. Over 620 000 lives have been saved in the Aegean and the Mediterranean since 2015 thanks to Italian and Greek rescue operations and the work of the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, established in 2016. The European Commission is the main institution that runs the day-to-day business of the EU. Citizens’ health is a major priority for the European Union. For example, environment ministers meet in the Environment Council. For every Syrian returned to Turkey from the Greek islands after an irregular crossing, the EU will take in a Syrian from Turkey who has not sought to make this journey in an irregular way. The right for everyone to have their personal data protected thanks to the. The Parliament also shares with the Council equal responsibility for adopting the EU budget (proposed by the European Commission). Reuse is authorised provided the source is acknowledged. The EU’s policy on sport is now mainly carried out through the Erasmus+ programme. These issues are also debated within the political groups before they decide how to vote on a particular subject. The European Commission has offices (representations) in all the Member States of the European Union: https://ec.europa.eu/info/about-european-commission/contact/local-offices-eu-member-countries_en, The European Parliament has a liaison office in every Member State of the European Union: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/at-your-service/en/stay-informed/liaison-offices-in-your-country, The European Union also has delegations in other parts of the world: https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/area/geo_en, European CommissionDirectorate-General for CommunicationEditorial Service & Targeted Outreach1049 BrusselsBELGIUM. For businesses, the customs union means that regardless of where goods enter the EU the same rules apply, and once the goods have cleared customs they can circulate freely or be sold anywhere within the EU customs territory. What began as a purely economic union has evolved into an organisation spanning many different policy areas, from climate, environment and health to external relations and security, justice and migration. The principal objectives of this policy are to: The key initiatives that put the policy into practice are: Cooperation takes place at bilateral level (with individual partners), at regional level (with two or more partners from the east or the south) or across the neighbourhood, depending on the nature of the action. If certain conditions are met, the Commission reviews its proposal, and explains publicly whether it will maintain, amend or withdraw its proposal. To commit their governments to the abolition of border regions April 2019 reached. 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